Axolotl - Encyclopedia of Life (2024)

2012 John P. Clarecc-by-nc-sa-3.0

Ambystoma mexicanum (Axolotl) is a species of amphibians in the family mole salamanders. They are listed as critically endangered by IUCN and in cites appendix ii. They are associated with freshwater habitat. They are found in The Neotropics and The Nearctic. They are solitary, nocturnal carnivores. They have sexual reproduction. They have parental care (female provides care). They rely on swimming to move around.

  • URI: http://eol.org/schema/terms/criticallyEndangered
  • Definition: A taxon is Critically Endangered when the best available evidence indicates that it meets \r\nany of the criteria A to E for Critically Endangered, and it is therefore considered to be facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild
  • Source: http://apiv3.iucnredlist.org/api/v3/taxonredirect/1095

show all records

  • URI: http://eol.org/schema/terms/CITES_II
  • Definition: Appendix II lists species that are not necessarily now threatened with extinction but that may become so unless trade is closely controlled. It also includes so-called "look-alike species", i.e. species whose specimens in trade look like those of species listed for conservation reasons. International trade in specimens of Appendix-II species may be authorized by the granting of an export permit or re-export certificate. No import permit is necessary for these species under CITES (although a permit is needed in some countries that have taken stricter measures than CITES requires). Permits or certificates should only be granted if the relevant authorities are satisfied that certain conditions are met, above all that trade will not be detrimental to the survival of the species in the wild. (See Article IV of the Convention)
  • Source: https://www.speciesplus.net/#/taxon_concepts/6110/legal

show all records

show all records

show all records

show all records

show all records

  • URI: http://eol.org/schema/terms/solitary
  • Definition: Solitary animals are those that spend a majority of their lives without others of their species, with possible exceptions for mating and raising their young. Antonyms for a solitary animal include a social animal or a colonial animal.
  • Attribution: https://www.definitions.net/definition/solitary+animal

show all records

show all records

  • URI: http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0019953
  • Definition: Capable of creating a new organism by combining the genetic material of two gametes, which may come from two parent organisms or from a single organism, in the case of self-fertilizing hermaphrodites.

show all records

  • URI: http://eol.org/schema/terms/parentalCareFemale
  • Definition: the female feeds and nurtures offspring
  • Attribution: Richard M. Sibly, Christopher C. Witt, Natalie A. Wright, Chris Venditti, Walter Jetz, and James H. Brown. 2012. Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds. PNAS 109(27):10937-10941, doi:10.1073/pnas.1206512109

show all records

show all records

EOL has data for 39 attributes, including:

  • Body symmetry

    • URI: http://eol.org/schema/terms/body_symmetry
    • Definition: overall repetitive or reflective pattern in the body of one individual of this taxon. eg: bilateral symmetry, rotational symmetry, radial symmetry

    show all records

    bilaterally symmetric

    show all records

  • biogeographic realm

    show all records

    The Neotropics

    show all records

  • body shape

    • URI: http://eol.org/schema/terms/BodyShape

    show all records

    bilaterally symmetric

    show all records

  • diet includes

    • URI: http://eol.org/schema/terms/Diet
    • Definition: Information about the items eaten by this organism.

    show all records

    worms

    show all records

  • egg diameter

    • URI: http://eol.org/schema/terms/EggDiameter
    • Definition: Diameter of the egg life stage of this organism. An egg is an organic vessel in which an embryo first begins to develop. In most birds, reptiles, insects, molluscs, fish, and monotremes, it is the zygote, resulting from fertilization of the ovum, which is expelled from the body and permitted to develop outside the body until the developing embryo can survive on its own.
    • Attribution: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egg_(biology)

    show all records

    30 cm

  • geographic distribution includes

    • URI: http://eol.org/schema/terms/Present
    • Definition: This organism is known to be present in this location or region. Not exclusive; other regions may also be reported.

    show all records

    Mexico

    show all records

  • mating system

    • URI: http://eol.org/schema/terms/MatingSystem

    show all records

    promiscuous

    show all records

  • population trend

    • URI: http://eol.org/schema/terms/population_trend
    • Definition: i.e., increasing, decreasing, stable, or unknown

    show all records

    Decreasing

  • prenatal development duration

    • URI: http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrenatalDevelopmentDuration
    • Definition: The duration of the development from fertilized, deposited or implanted egg to hatching/birth. Corresponds to egg incubation duration in oviparous animals and to gestation period duration in viviparous animals.

    show all records

    18 days

  • reproduction

    show all records

    sexual reproduction

    • URI: http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0019953
    • Definition: Capable of creating a new organism by combining the genetic material of two gametes, which may come from two parent organisms or from a single organism, in the case of self-fertilizing hermaphrodites.

    show all records

  • social system

    • URI: http://eol.org/schema/terms/SocialSystem
    • Definition: Description of the relationships among individuals within a population of organisms, including reproductive relationships (mating system), relationships within each sex, adult – young interactions, helpers and cooperation (group living).

    show all records

    solitary

    • URI: http://eol.org/schema/terms/solitary
    • Definition: Solitary animals are those that spend a majority of their lives without others of their species, with possible exceptions for mating and raising their young. Antonyms for a solitary animal include a social animal or a colonial animal.
    • Attribution: https://www.definitions.net/definition/solitary+animal

    show all records

  • trophic guild

    • URI: http://eol.org/schema/terms/TrophicGuild
    • Definition: A group of species that exploit the same food resources, and/or use the same feeding or foraging methods. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guild_(ecology)

    show all records

    insectivore

    show all records

Known occurrences, collected specimens and observations of Axolotl. View this species on GBIF

2012 John P. Clarecc-by-nc-sa-3.0
Axolotl
-
Encyclopedia of Life (2024)

FAQs

What is the encyclopedia of axolotls? ›

Ambystoma mexicanum (Axolotl) is a species of amphibians in the family mole salamanders. They are listed as critically endangered by IUCN and in cites appendix ii. They are associated with freshwater habitat. They are found in The Neotropics and The Nearctic.

How many axolotls are left in the world 2024? ›

The species has only one natural habitat remaining, a series of canals in Mexico City, and only 50-1000 axolotls are estimated to be left living there.[1] However, axolotls have become popular both as pets and as model organisms in research, so descendants of axolotls collected from Mexico City many years ago can now ...

Who saw the first axolotl? ›

When the Aztecs settled the Valley of Mexico around what is now Mexico City in the 13th century, they found a large salamander living in the lake surrounding the island where they built their capital, Tenochtitlán. They called the salamander "axolotl" after Xolotl, their god of fire and lightning.

What is the rarest axolotl? ›

Conclusion. Mosaic and hypomelanistic axolotls are among the rarest and most sought-after morphs in the axolotl community. Their unique appearance and genetic traits make them highly desirable for enthusiasts and pet owners alike!

How many axolotl is left? ›

The Axolotl is a species scientists are apprehensive about going extinct soon; they estimate that there are only about 50 to 1,000 left in the wild. That number is greatly decreasing and is too fast for humans to be sure that they can help stabilize their numbers.

Could axolotls go extinct? ›

What is clear is that, until significant efforts are made to safeguard axolotl numbers in their natural habitat, the species faces a very real and imminent threat of disappearing. Conservation is therefore key to the future of this unique and remarkable species.

What will happen if axolotls go extinct? ›

But after centuries of inbreeding, captive populations are vulnerable to disease, while wild axolotls are close to extinction. This means scientists could lose the opportunity to learn vital information about the amphibian's biology that could have significant benefits for human health.

Why did axolotls go extinct? ›

The leading causes of Axolotl decline are human development, waste water disposal, and loss of habitat due to droughts. Despite their prevalence in the aquarium trade, these species are critically endangered in the wild.

Do axolotls have 5 fingers? ›

Their name stems from an Aztec word meaning water dog or water monster. Axolotls have cylindrical bodies, short legs, a relatively long tail and feathery external gills. They have four toes on the front feet, five toes on the back feet and moveable eyelids.

Can axolotls smile? ›

Though they keep their gills, adult axolotls also have functional lungs and can breathe through their skin. And as if being forever-babies didn't make them cute enough, their mouths are upturned in a permanent Mona Lisa smile. Those sweet little smiles can quickly turn into vacuum cleaners when it's time to eat.

Do axolotls have 4 fingers? ›

Its legs are short. It has four fingers on each of its front legs and five toes on each of its back legs. In the wild, its coloration is dark, but an albino variety has been bred in captivity (Utah's Hogle Zoo 2003).

Is A axolotl A Boy or a girl? ›

Both males and female axolotls have a cloaca (genital area), but the cloacae of male axolotls are larger than those of females. Look just behind your axolotl's back legs, under its tale. If there is a definite, rounded bulge, your axolotl is a male!

What does a axolotl look like in real life? ›

Axolotls are dark-colored with greenish mottling; some may have silvery highlights on the skin. It has a broad, flat body with a large head donning its signature feathery gills waving gently in the water. Its mouth is often bent into a slight grin or is otherwise expressive.

What is the history of the axolotl? ›

As legend has it, the axolotl is the Aztec god of fire and lightning, Xolotl, which disguised himself as a salamander to avoid being sacrificed. But these Mexican amphibians are impressive enough on their own, with the ability to regenerate lost limbs and stay “young” throughout their lives.

Is A axolotl a dinosaur? ›

What is an axolotl? The axolotl, Ambystoma mexicanum, is a type of salamander that doesn't go through metamorphosis. Salamanders are amphibians that, like frogs and newts, start off living in the water.

References

Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Kareem Mueller DO

Last Updated:

Views: 6327

Rating: 4.6 / 5 (46 voted)

Reviews: 85% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Kareem Mueller DO

Birthday: 1997-01-04

Address: Apt. 156 12935 Runolfsdottir Mission, Greenfort, MN 74384-6749

Phone: +16704982844747

Job: Corporate Administration Planner

Hobby: Mountain biking, Jewelry making, Stone skipping, Lacemaking, Knife making, Scrapbooking, Letterboxing

Introduction: My name is Kareem Mueller DO, I am a vivacious, super, thoughtful, excited, handsome, beautiful, combative person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.